Basics of daily oral hygiene

If you speak to any dental professional they will always say it important we brush our teeth daily. Lets look into the reasons WHY it's so important...


Mouths Are Havens For Bacteria

There is no denying that are mouths will come into contact with lots of bacteria on a daily basis. We can often be held accountable for this, as we use our mouths to hold items that we have no hands free for (car/house keys etc). Bad habits such as nail biting and chewing pen tops will also contribute to bacteria entering our mouths.

Another common problem than can speed up the production of the bacteria is when food becomes trapped in our mouths. The food will act as a sort of fuel to the bacteria, which makes them going into a bit of a hyper drive.

Plaque is the term used to describe this type of bacteria. It comprises of a soft, but sticky film that coats and builds-up on our teeth over time. The negative result of this will lead to tooth decay (holes in teeth) and gum disease (which can lead to lots of nasty repercussions/side effects).

This Is When Brushing Comes Into Play

So we know that bacteria plaque is a real problem and our mouths are ideal havens for them (moist and warm). If left on our teeth, a variety of dental problems can occur, which will lead to more complex treatments that ultimately will cost time and money to fix.

Brushing is a relatively low cost solution that can easily be done at home (recommended at least twice a day), and falls under what is known as preventative dentistry.

There are many different brands of toothpaste that you can use, with a variety emphasizing on whitening, sensitivity or enamel protection etc. We always recommend for adults to use one that contains the recommended allowance of fluoride. Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay, by remineralization of the teeth, which is in essence the opposite of demineralisation (which is how tooth decay causes cavities) by breaking down the enamel of the tooth.

Enamel is very hard but also brittle. To put this into perspective, you can't scratch it with metal cutlery but you can chip it by using your teeth to open a bottle of beer.

To Put It Simply

If you brush away the plaque build-ups, there won't be any bacteria to eat away at your tooth structure. Brushing also forms an integral part of your overall hygiene routine which should also include daily flossing.


To help minimise your dental problems and keep your dental bills down, we always recommend:

  • Brushing at least twice a day: once first thing in the morning and before going to bed.
  • Flossing at least once a day: before bed ideally
  • Use of a mouth wash 1-2 times a day: one with fluoride will help fight tooth decay

The above tips will help to maintain your teeth in-between seeing your dentist at regular intervals. We always recommend seeing your dentist at least every 6 months (unless advised otherwise), as they can check your whole mouth (in case you are not quite reaching all the areas in your mouth).

Dentists will effectively be giving your mouth a service (like a car) every 6 months.

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